Result of Service
Expected tangible and measurable output(s): • Assessment report on the currently practiced classification of prisoners in Ghana• A classification/reclassification tool as well as Standard Operating Procedures for the Ghana Prisons Service;• Training curriculum / manual on the application of the enhanced classification tool;• Final assignment report submitted to Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Section.
from 15 June to 30 November 2022 (80 working days)
Duties and Responsibilities
I. Background 1. Within the framework of UNODC Global Programme on Addressing Prison Challenges (GLOZ85) as well as the Regional Programme for West Africa and its project “Strengthening the compliance of the Ghana Prisons Service with the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Nelson Mandela Rules)”, the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Section of UNODC intends to provide technical assistance to Ghana with a view to develop/enhance and subsequently pilot prisoners’ classification tools designed in line with international standards and norms. 2. While the beneficiary country practices a form of separation and classification of its prison population, the procedure requires a considerable improvement in order to conform with international standards and norms and to ensure that the purpose of imprisonment is achieved, which according to the Nelson Mandela Rules is to protect society against crime while reducing reoffending through tailored rehabilitation programmes. Classification in line with the Nelson Mandela Rules serves this purpose by separating prisoners based on individually assessed risks and needs, and dividing prisoners into classes with a view to foster their social rehabilitation (Rule 93). More specifically, the classification process involves risks and needs assessments upon admission and at regular intervals thereafter, the (re-)categorization of prisoners into a respective security category and their allocation to a suitable prison regime, which is equally important to ensure the cost-effectiveness of prison systems by minimizing over classification. 3. Accordingly, a properly designed and managed classification system is key to ensure (a) the safe, secure and humane custody of prisoners as well as the safety and security of prison staff, service providers and visitors (Rule 1) on the one hand, and (b) to contribute to the timely preparation of their eventual release by means of an individualized sentence plan on the other (Rule 94). The classification process is based on information gained through an individual risk and needs assessment of each prisoner and may further be informed, as applicable, by relevant health information gained by health-care professionals during medical examinations upon admission. Individual assessments are crucial in order to ensure that the necessary measures are put in place to minimize the risks which prisoners may pose in prisons, to respond to special needs which they may have, and to thereby design a sentence plan which will support their eventual social reintegration. Transparent and consistently applied Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) of classification are equally important from a rule of law perspective, allowing prison administrators, staff and prisoners to understand how classification decisions are made.II. Purpose of the consultancy assignment:4. In collaboration with the focal point for classification of the Ghana Prisons Service the consultant will be tasked to (i) present an assessment report on the current overall system and practice of classification in Ghana, including a gap analysis of current challenges preventing GPS from implementing a classification and subsequent separation of prisoners geared towards an effective rehabilitation in line with international standards and norms; (ii) present an enhanced classification tool and SOPs, taking account of these challenges, while adhering to international standards and norms; (iii) present a training manual on the implementation of the tool, suitable for incorporation into the official training curriculum of prison officers in Ghana.
Academic Qualifications: • Advanced university degree (Master’s degree or equivalent) in criminology, law, social sciences, business administration, or related discipline is required. A first level university degree in similar fields in combination with two additional years of qualifying experience may be accepted in lieu of the advanced university degree.Experience: • At least 15 years of professional work experience in criminal justice – related areas, in particular prison administrations, with a proven focus on the classification of prisoners or aspects pertaining hereto is required;• In-depth knowledge of the current state of research on classification of prisoners, risks and needs assessments of prisoners and related evidence-based good practices identifying criminogenic needs, including motivational interviewing is required;• Strong research and coordination skills, analytical capacities and ability to synthesize complex inputs into coherent support is required;• Prior experience in delivering workshops/training courses for criminal justice officials, including prison officers is desirable;• Work experience in African regions is desirable.Language: English and French are the working languages of the United Nations Secretariat. For this post, fluency in oral and written English is required. Knowledge of another official United Nations language is an advantage.